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#Explained

ICO vs STO, Are Security Token Offerings Different?

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STOs are becoming more and more convincing for investors and companies to raise capital.  Securities can offer many financial rights to investors.

The initial coin offering ( ICO ) is the first, most frequently used and fastest way to finance a blockchain project without intermediary, at least in 2017 – 2018.
The STO can be compared to the IPO, where the tokens are treated as real securities.
With the increasing number of fraudsters in the ICO universe, as well as the strong desire of governments to control Israel’s deregulated crowdfunding campaigns, regulators such as Securities and Exchange Committee ( SEC ) were unhappy, and they could not leave aside.

Such smart contracts also allow for the production of nonfungible tokens ( such as ICO tokens ) or non – fungible tokens ( such as cryptocurrencies ) on the durable, battle-tested blockchain of Ethereum.
In contrast to ICOs, STO tokens are usually supported by a known element, such as assets, shares, income or profits.
In addition to the high initial legal and compliance costs, the other major drawback of STO tokens is that large cryptocurrency exchanges such as Binance do not yet support them.

 

STOs are more transparent than ICOs

One result of the need for change is the increase in sales of collateral tokens ( STOs ), a more transparent investment vehicle.
Primarily, a security sign represents an electronically packaged interest or a share in a private interest or company – and can be extended to assets such as real estate, trusts, LLC, fine arts, etc.
Often, securities are given the right to a form of equity or ownership of a particular asset, whether fractional or whole and to expect profits through income, dividends or favorable price movements.
Companies can offer digital security tokens for a variety of assets that are otherwise illiquid, while investors can buy lower – risk securities in their preferred investments.

 

Utility Tokens and Security Tokens

In contrast to Utility tokens, Security tokens can be backed by corporate assets such as shares, voting rights or other rights to a real asset.
For example, if company X, which turns out to be a very successful mutual fund, moves 5 million dollars into a free chain STO, the resulting hype about buying and investing would be unprecedented.
Not only is it illegal to manipulate the market, but it also discourages institutional investors, such as Company X, from investing in such projects, because their total investment will be readily visible to the public.

Companies that register an STO will have to submit documents that are publicly available through the SEC EDGAR database.
Sto’s security tokens are based on Alternative Trading Systems ( ATS ) with intermediaries registered with the SEC and monitored by the FINRA.
More and more people will understand what the stock of the blockchain is, and security tokens will become an integral part of the global financial system.

Elsewhere in Europe, the financial industry, traditionally focused on fiat, is beginning to support cryptocurrencies as securities.
Regulators, the financial industry and many cryptocurrencies are slowly developing a common understanding of what blockchain security should look like.

 

STOs are more secure for Investors

STO has achieved this level of security, which IPO has, as well as the relative simplicity and accessibility that is inherent to ICO.
To have a convenient opportunity to view the list of all current ICOs in one place, particular aggregator sites have been created, called ICO trackers.
The following data is analyzed to create an estimate of this parameter: advertising of the development team, White Paper, the availability of a work test product, the reputation of consultants and partners, etc.
Detailed information on ICO projects can be found on larger sites, and some services can easily publish WP by linking to the official project source.
There are a lot of fraudsters on the ICO market, which you can find on specialized services – ICO trackers.
In short, and simply put, the definition of a hard fork is a significant upgrade of an existing cryptocurrency in which a new currency is created.

 

STOs offer more rights to the Investors

In theory, the symbolic economy can improve network effects by rewarding user involvement and even better governance by giving the most active users a more significant influence on future protocol decisions.
Some traders earn their living by doing so with the public market share, and the behavior of investing is one of the driving forces behind the current cryptocurrency market.
Stos are usually granted an exemption called D 506 ( c ), which is a public offering of securities to accredited investors ( each person with net worth 1 million dollars plus or annual income of 200, 000 or more dollars over the last two years – 300, 00.

STOs are becoming more and more convincing for investors and companies to raise capital.
Securities can offer many financial rights to investors, including shares, dividends, income shares, profit shares, voting rights, and other financial instruments.

#Explained

Analysis: Decentralization is the future

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decentralization is the basis of bitcoin blockchain. A development that has threatened to dig up decentralization is the creation of integrated circuits.

In 2008, when Satoshi Nakamoto wrote down the famous white paper in which he proposed a decentralized financial system, he did so in the context of crumbling banks and governments, which as a centralized institution, caused an economic collapse due to poor decision – making and management. Decentralization is the basis on which the entire Bitcoin blockchain is based, and that is why Bitcoin was created primarily to provide an alternative to the central authorities that operate our current global monetary system.

Today, the concept is challenged by the uncontrolled growth of Bitcoin mining – giants such as Bitmain, a Chinese mining company that continues to generate absurd profits and continues to monopolize the Bitcoin network in pursuit of industry dominance.

 

Ethereum Blockchain

The cryptocurrency economy has come to a conclusion – at least for the foreseeable future – Ether will continue to feed the ICOs and lay the foundations for distributed applications. Called Ethereum’s Proposals for Improvement ( EIPs ), they allow for massive participation in decisions that could radically change the future of the network. However, the use of EIPs Ethereum tries to embody the principle of the blockchain technology, namely centralization leads to errors and inefficiencies, while the network, with the right technology, can make better decisions and work more effectively. So, when companies such as Amazon and Chile’s Energy Authority support Ethereum, they do so in a project that advocates – and through EIPs – real practice decentralization.

 

The need of Decentralization:

Where buildings such as capitalism, money, and democracy need new codes, new software, updated smart contracts, better AI and a more united kingdom, full of corporate social responsibility, equal opportunities, and prosperity shared with all. It is not only software decentralization, but it is also the shift of human values to a new way of thinking about exchanges, energy and the shared future of humanity.

The blockchain technology, which offers an alternative to existing trading, governance and finance systems, has the potential to disrupt the industry and create new and exciting opportunities for billions around the world. A development that has threatened to dig up decentralization is the creation of integrated circuits or ASICs for applications. Even more complicated and challenging to decentralize is the rapidly changing world of hardware and the fact that a large technology company now produces most ASICs on the market.

While many Bitcoin advocates see the blockchain as nothing more than competition for existing payment methods or gold, others believe that the blockchain technology is the harbinger of things the world has never seen before.
Bitcoin’s market share has been declining slowly in recent years, and although many believe that bitcoin will continue to grow, there is a rapid rise in other parts of the blockchain ecosystem. When decentralized blockchain protocols begin to break down the central web services that dominate the current internet, we will begin to see real sovereignty on the internet.

 

The future of Decentralization:

Recently, blockchains have become the focus of attention as the first technology to use decentralized device networks. With the promise of full ownership and monetization of their data, blockchains are seemingly convincing alternatives to older third-party data farms. While blockchains use the increasing movement of increasingly powerful personal devices, they have a relatively limited use case and do not fully exploit the potential of paradigm shifts.

This is decentralization, which is a decisive factor in cryptocurrency and blockchain technology in general.
In addition to the major cases of well – known use, there are examples of massive companies that eliminate a “one – point failure” in their closed systems, for governments that approve university degrees. Secondly, governments have historically been serving exchanges with asset seizures, which have paralyzed merchants who hold large amounts of cryptocurrency in the market. If decentralized exchanges become a real reality, the regulatory war will become even more complex for legislators: their current strategy is to target exchanges that operate under their jurisdiction.

Blockchain technology can provide a new way of confirming identity, ways of moving data faster and cheaper, easier transactions such as payments, claims, and data sharing.

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#Explained

Brief: What are ERC-721 Tokens?

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ERC-721 defines features that give it some compatibility with the ERC20 standard. Similar to it, ERC-721 standard has opened the door to new smart contract

Ethereum tokens became popular in 2016 – 2017 when they began to be widely used by ICOs to represent usefulness or ownership. Later, in 2017, Ethereum tokens began to be used to represent the assets of the game, such as in the famous cryptocurrencies. While the ERC-20 tokens dominate the ethereal part of the market, for the time being, more and more projects are expected to shift to the new and improved standards.

 

ERC-721 Tokens

Application developers can integrate ERC-721 tokens into their platforms, but in order to improve such development, public API and public network nodes can make non – fungible blockchains available to most mobile and web developers – most of them use JavaScript.

 

ERC-721 tokens can be used in any exchange, but their value is due to the uniqueness and rarity of each token. ERC-721 defines some features that give it some compatibility with the ERC20 standard. Similar to the ERC20, the newly proposed ERC-721 standard has opened the door to new smart contracts that act as un-mouldable items.

 

For example, a virtual work of art in which the work of art is symbolic and the property of the token directly reflects the property of the work, stored in the blockchain.

 

Like many others, the ERC-721 is a free open standard, describing how to build the tradable Ethereum tokens on the blockchain. While the ERC – 20 runners are fungible, which means that they can be exchanged between themselves, the ERC-721 standards has been used for nonfunctional or “unique” items.

 

The nonfunctional tokens allow you to detail more about the attributes that make them special – well beyond the name, balance, supply of tokens and symbols. The nonfunctional runners have not been accepted as quickly as some lawyers hoped, partly because the ERC-721 protocol is so new. There are concerns about the fact that the use of nonfunctional tokens could eventually become fragmented, with different standards and different certifications.

 

Fungibility is the interchangeability of goods or assets with other single goods or assets of the same type.
When you purchase ERC – 20 tokens, your property rights will be written in smart contracts.

 

In fact, the idea of having ownership in a decentral blockchain makes it particularly suitable for collectors – there is no doubt about the rarity of a particular collection item – there is ( theoretically ) no central control over who owns what, there is no doubt there. However, by framing ERC-721 like non-moldable tokens rather than digital collectors, the standard is very much to track and transfer property.

 

As more ERC-721 contracts implement more metadata, the question of where images live is becoming important for the nature of applications and decentralized markets.

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#Blockchain

Explained: IBM Blockchain

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Large tech companies such as IBM have already implemented the blockchain technology to a large number of industries that they work in.

To begin with, it is important to know that the blockchain is not a database, but a network. Thanks to the use of technology that supports all transactions with security and trust functions, the blockchain network can check data exchange quickly and accurately, making the process much less burdensome. Large tech companies such as IBM have already implemented the blockchain technology to a large number of industries that they work in.

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain technology can be applied to virtually any industry, hundreds of companies are changing their businesses. Global Payments, which used to last days, can now be deleted and resolved in seconds with new advances in the universal payment processing of the blockchain.

Blockchain and large Data are among the leading emerging technologies that have been designed to revolutionize various industries, radically altering the way companies and organizations operate. State – of – the – art public blockchain protocols based on the Proof of Work ( PoW ) consensus algorithms are open source and not permitted. Private blockchains are a way to use blockchain technology by creating groups and participants who can verify transactions internally.

By storing data through its peer – to – peer network, the blockchain eliminates a number of threats associated with the central data. Proponents of both authorized or private chains say that the term “blockchain” can be applied to any data structure that distributes data in blocks with the time stamp.

 

IBM Blockchain

Earlier, Natixis and Trafigura teamed up with IBM to use a Fabric – based blockchain for commodity trading finance for US crude oil transactions. Last year, IBM announced a number of new textile-based blockchain projects: The company partnered with Sichuan Heijia to develop a platform for The supply chain of blocks for pharmaceutical purchases. While most other blockchain projects focus on cryptocurrencies, Hyperledger’s projects have a strong potential to build the backbone of non-currency, high – scale industrial blockchain technology applications.

The leading Innovation manager for the Industrial Sector, the Watson and Cloud Platform, provides a quick overview of the blockchain, how it works and how it affects business managers. The blockchain is often confused with Bitcoin and cryptocurrency, but crypto-currency is only the most famous incarnation of the blockchain. For Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, Blockchain accounting technology offers a single unit of accounts that displays the value of Bitcoin and all related transactions. Indeed, IBM has introduced blockchain technology for the supply chain in the aerospace, agriculture and electronics industries.

Hyperledger of digital Asset is a ready – to – use blockchain server with a client API for financial services companies. The technology giant IBM agrees: it contributes tens of thousands of code lines to the Hyperledger project, while at the same time believing that open technology is the best way to create a genuinely applicable blockchain implementation for today’s business and business market. IBM sees blockchain and accounting technology as a way to make the Internet more aware of trade.

You can use blockchain technology in decentralizing applications such as event registration, title registration, medical records, identity management, and transaction processing, etc.

Blockchain was first developed for bitcoin as a financial application, but now it extends to activities such as decentralized applications and collaborative organizations that eliminate the intermediary. Many companies have begun to build ethereum platform and now allow users to use their platform to make blockchain applications.

Everyone is watching how the distributed ledger technology of the blockchain is revolutionizing the way organizations manage their business operations. IBM has partnered with more than 400 clients for financial services, supply chains, Internet of things, risk management, digital rights management, and health care to implement blockchain applications provided through the IBM Cloud. IBM offers a flexible platform and secure infrastructure to help you develop, manage and manage your blockchain network. More than 40 active networks with several organizations use the IBM Blockchain Platform to exchange assets daily and improve business processes, from food security to trade efficiency and digital payment.

With the help of IBM’s enterprise-class blockchain platform, the consortium aims to significantly reduce the time it takes to isolate the source in the event of another foodborne epidemic. With Walmart’s commitment to digital transformation, we can certainly see a time when the emerging technology of the blockchain and the internet of things for food security is linked to machine learning and analysis.

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