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Explained: What AI Techniques Are Used In Chatbots?



Chatbots are computer programs that mimic conversation with people through audio or text, used to communicate information to users.

Chatbots are computer programs that mimic conversation with people through audio or text, used to communicate information to users.

There are many ways to make a chatbot work, but now three typical methods are logic based on principles, machine learning and artificial intelligence.


Natural Language Processing (NLP)

Natural language processing ( NLP ) or natural language understanding ( NLU ) is often the first step in the use of artificial intelligence in chatbots – it essentially allows the computer to speak and understand people as they talk, as a language choice.
Most chatbots use NLP in the form of “intention-based” systems, which only allows a chatbot to understand the user’s intentions.


Chatbots are the next big thing

Chatbots go beyond the functionality of interactive voice response systems, which merely help users to progress through a potential option tree.
‘ In marketing, the belief that AI and chatbots are the next big thing is widespread.’
Many marketers believe that chatbots are revolutionizing the business by offering better customer service, keeping customers engaged after the sale and adding “personality” to a company’s brand.
AI chatbots can also help businesses create more personalized customer experiences by customizing responses and content based on user questions and interests.
Most skeptics also believe that AI chatbots will never have a real human touch, and their enthusiastic use can turn against customers.
Chatbots are available in two main types: one based on rules and one based on machine learning.


Google Assistant, Siri, and Amazon Alexa

The AI boosts customer engagement in chatbots, voice experiences and digital assistants such as Google Assistant, Siri, and Amazon Alexa.
Dialog selection is a prediction problem, and the use of heuristics to identify the most suitable response template may include simple algorithms such as keywords matching or more complex processing with automatic learning or deep learning.
Instead of using predefined answers, conversational AI, which uses generative methods, receives a lot of data from conversational training to learn how to generate a new dialogue that looks like it.
In other words, developers should be able to build such conversational AI using only machine learning and training data, and this would not require any technical knowledge or technical expertise.
With adversarial training, intermediaries learn through a miniature Turing Test, in which a generator network creates plausible reactions, while a system of judges whether they are real human conversations or generated by computers.


Chatbots and Artificial Intelligence

Many industries around the world, such as healthcare, CPG, banking, finance, financial, IT, customer service, retail, etc ., use chatbots equipped with artificial intelligence ( AI ) to automate some tasks and simplify business processes.
Data encryption, multifactor authentication, behavior analysis, artificial intelligence are some powerful techniques used to protect the use of chatbot.
If companies can integrate this great security practice into the chatbot platform, it will be one of the most robust methods to ensure the security of chatbot.
Although there are several advantages that organizations can enjoy by embracing chatbots and all their vast potential, it is essential first to explore the chatbot and its security capabilities.


Chatbots are used by major software companies

Messaging has become an essential way of interacting with smartphones, so companies want chatbots to be part of the maintenance.
Where Microsoft feels it has an advantage, it’s in AI technology and creating chatbots with conservation features.
In addition to the launch of their chatbots and the integration of Cortana, their AI assistant, in most of their products, Microsoft launched the Bot frame at the beginning of 2016 – a toolkit that will help developers create their chatbots.

Chatbots, at least all the useful versions, use what the community calls NLP, which is short for Natural Language Processing.
Chatbots can help internal teams find the right solution based on the intention of the question.

Chatbots are the next step in the evolution of customer communication, and most of us have just begun to understand their meaning or use them.


Advanced Chatbots

While basic chatbots may be suitable for most scenarios, some scenarios require more advanced chatbots.
In contrast to the menu – based chatbots, keyword recognition – based chatbots can listen to what users type and respond appropriately, or at least try to do.
Contextual chatbots are by far the most advanced of the three robots discussed here.
In contrast to keyword recognition chatbots, contextual chatbots are smart enough to improve themselves based on what users ask and how they ask for it.

Smart chatbots need an understanding of machine learning, AI and NLP technologies, as well as advanced development skills and in-depth knowledge of various languages and technologies.
With the integrated NLP services, developers can build their tools and platforms to make the chatbot application smarter.
The main advantage of Alexa is its integration with other Amazon Web Services, which include API – based machine learning tools for computer vision, speech and chatbot.


IEO replacing ICO: Initial Exchange Offering Explained.



Initial Exchange Offering (IEO) is a fundraising procedure in which developers create coins for their project and send them to crypto exchanges for selling.

Initial Exchange Offering ( IEO ) is a fundraising procedure in which developers create coins for their projects and send them to cryptocurrency exchanges for selling to cryptocurrency investors and traders.


Initial Exchange Offering:

Initial Exchange Offering is usually an agreement between developers and cryptocurrency exchanges, with some of the conditions that are common in the ICOs in the fundraising model. Initial Exchange Offering is an abbreviation for the “initial offer of exchange” – a fundraising procedure in which the exchange takes place on behalf of the token issuers.


Although IEO is a relatively new phenomenon in the cryptocurrency industry, it is clear that securities trading is very similar – it can be estimated as a sign of the crypto’s maturity. From Huobi to Okex and Bitmax to Bittrex, the number of cryptocurrency exchanges offering the sale of Initial Exchange Offerings has increased.


In order to maintain trust with its customers, the exchange must carry out a comprehensive evaluation of the project before the IEO is launched.


IEO replacing ICO:

While in the ICO, it is the developer’s business to ensure that the intelligent contract is correct and that everything goes according to plan, in the IEO model, a third party, such as a cryptocurrency exchange, fulfills the same obligations.


Anyone who wants to participate in the IEO token sale must create an account on the exchange platform and fund their portfolio so that they can be willing to buy the token. While digital exchanges were only a platform for cryptocurrencies, the Initial Exchange Offering has introduced a new, value-added business model.


Since the Initial Exchange Offering is usually carried out on cryptocurrency exchange, some potential investors may be excluded from the possibility of creating a new account and passing through the verification procedure, which usually takes several days.


With IEOs, a cryptocurrency ( not the project developer himself ) acts as a counterpart, facilitating the fundraising process. While the exchanges continue to charge high fees for leading an IEO, the team behind the pawn can shift its focus from marketing and fundraising to the development of its project.


The initial offer of Exchange introduces an intermediary to the decentralized fundraising model, which gives cryptocurrencies a strong sense of trust as they participate. You can invest in IEOs by simply having an account on a cryptocurrency exchange. By hosting the IEO on their respective exchange platforms, cryptocurrency exchanges directly confirm the credibility and reliability of the project. For IEOs, token issuers do not have to worry, as the exchange manages the KYC – AML process is also managed by cryptocurrency.

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Analysis: Decentralization is the future



decentralization is the basis of bitcoin blockchain. A development that has threatened to dig up decentralization is the creation of integrated circuits.

In 2008, when Satoshi Nakamoto wrote down the famous white paper in which he proposed a decentralized financial system, he did so in the context of crumbling banks and governments, which as a centralized institution, caused an economic collapse due to poor decision – making and management. Decentralization is the basis on which the entire Bitcoin blockchain is based, and that is why Bitcoin was created primarily to provide an alternative to the central authorities that operate our current global monetary system.

Today, the concept is challenged by the uncontrolled growth of Bitcoin mining – giants such as Bitmain, a Chinese mining company that continues to generate absurd profits and continues to monopolize the Bitcoin network in pursuit of industry dominance.


Ethereum Blockchain

The cryptocurrency economy has come to a conclusion – at least for the foreseeable future – Ether will continue to feed the ICOs and lay the foundations for distributed applications. Called Ethereum’s Proposals for Improvement ( EIPs ), they allow for massive participation in decisions that could radically change the future of the network. However, the use of EIPs Ethereum tries to embody the principle of the blockchain technology, namely centralization leads to errors and inefficiencies, while the network, with the right technology, can make better decisions and work more effectively. So, when companies such as Amazon and Chile’s Energy Authority support Ethereum, they do so in a project that advocates – and through EIPs – real practice decentralization.


The need of Decentralization:

Where buildings such as capitalism, money, and democracy need new codes, new software, updated smart contracts, better AI and a more united kingdom, full of corporate social responsibility, equal opportunities, and prosperity shared with all. It is not only software decentralization, but it is also the shift of human values to a new way of thinking about exchanges, energy and the shared future of humanity.

The blockchain technology, which offers an alternative to existing trading, governance and finance systems, has the potential to disrupt the industry and create new and exciting opportunities for billions around the world. A development that has threatened to dig up decentralization is the creation of integrated circuits or ASICs for applications. Even more complicated and challenging to decentralize is the rapidly changing world of hardware and the fact that a large technology company now produces most ASICs on the market.

While many Bitcoin advocates see the blockchain as nothing more than competition for existing payment methods or gold, others believe that the blockchain technology is the harbinger of things the world has never seen before.
Bitcoin’s market share has been declining slowly in recent years, and although many believe that bitcoin will continue to grow, there is a rapid rise in other parts of the blockchain ecosystem. When decentralized blockchain protocols begin to break down the central web services that dominate the current internet, we will begin to see real sovereignty on the internet.


The future of Decentralization:

Recently, blockchains have become the focus of attention as the first technology to use decentralized device networks. With the promise of full ownership and monetization of their data, blockchains are seemingly convincing alternatives to older third-party data farms. While blockchains use the increasing movement of increasingly powerful personal devices, they have a relatively limited use case and do not fully exploit the potential of paradigm shifts.

This is decentralization, which is a decisive factor in cryptocurrency and blockchain technology in general.
In addition to the major cases of well – known use, there are examples of massive companies that eliminate a “one – point failure” in their closed systems, for governments that approve university degrees. Secondly, governments have historically been serving exchanges with asset seizures, which have paralyzed merchants who hold large amounts of cryptocurrency in the market. If decentralized exchanges become a real reality, the regulatory war will become even more complex for legislators: their current strategy is to target exchanges that operate under their jurisdiction.

Blockchain technology can provide a new way of confirming identity, ways of moving data faster and cheaper, easier transactions such as payments, claims, and data sharing.

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Brief: What are ERC-721 Tokens?



ERC-721 defines features that give it some compatibility with the ERC20 standard. Similar to it, ERC-721 standard has opened the door to new smart contract

Ethereum tokens became popular in 2016 – 2017 when they began to be widely used by ICOs to represent usefulness or ownership. Later, in 2017, Ethereum tokens began to be used to represent the assets of the game, such as in the famous cryptocurrencies. While the ERC-20 tokens dominate the ethereal part of the market, for the time being, more and more projects are expected to shift to the new and improved standards.


ERC-721 Tokens

Application developers can integrate ERC-721 tokens into their platforms, but in order to improve such development, public API and public network nodes can make non – fungible blockchains available to most mobile and web developers – most of them use JavaScript.


ERC-721 tokens can be used in any exchange, but their value is due to the uniqueness and rarity of each token. ERC-721 defines some features that give it some compatibility with the ERC20 standard. Similar to the ERC20, the newly proposed ERC-721 standard has opened the door to new smart contracts that act as un-mouldable items.


For example, a virtual work of art in which the work of art is symbolic and the property of the token directly reflects the property of the work, stored in the blockchain.


Like many others, the ERC-721 is a free open standard, describing how to build the tradable Ethereum tokens on the blockchain. While the ERC – 20 runners are fungible, which means that they can be exchanged between themselves, the ERC-721 standards has been used for nonfunctional or “unique” items.


The nonfunctional tokens allow you to detail more about the attributes that make them special – well beyond the name, balance, supply of tokens and symbols. The nonfunctional runners have not been accepted as quickly as some lawyers hoped, partly because the ERC-721 protocol is so new. There are concerns about the fact that the use of nonfunctional tokens could eventually become fragmented, with different standards and different certifications.


Fungibility is the interchangeability of goods or assets with other single goods or assets of the same type.
When you purchase ERC – 20 tokens, your property rights will be written in smart contracts.


In fact, the idea of having ownership in a decentral blockchain makes it particularly suitable for collectors – there is no doubt about the rarity of a particular collection item – there is ( theoretically ) no central control over who owns what, there is no doubt there. However, by framing ERC-721 like non-moldable tokens rather than digital collectors, the standard is very much to track and transfer property.


As more ERC-721 contracts implement more metadata, the question of where images live is becoming important for the nature of applications and decentralized markets.

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