Ethereum, EOS and TRON: A detailed comparison from a development perspective

Understanding the differences in the development of smart contracts at technical levels.

 

The smart contract based Crypto projects are ruling currently

Many cryptocurrencies have flourished based on their respective use cases, but some of the cryptocurrencies projects have chosen similar use cases, but with a slight difference between each other. Therefore, it has become highly challenging for the investors and the usual community members to choose one among them for all the Crypto operations. When it comes to Decentralized applications and smart contracts, Ethereum, EOS, and Tron are the three names which invariably crosses by, our mind. Most of them assume that all the three projects are based on the Smart Contracts development and Decentralized Applications, but there is a thin line between them.

 

Ethereum is like a parent to Tron and EOS

The precise difference between EOS and Ethereum network is that the former one is well known for its implementation of the protocol in its own way, and is regarded to be more efficient than the Ethereum.  However, the Tron blockchain doesn’t seem to concentrate to overtake EOS or Ethereum but has its own set of use cases which the blockchain project is working upon, since its inception. The main aim of the Tron Blockchain is very different. Interestingly, soon after the announcement of EOS and Tron, their tokens were ERC20 powered, but none of them were satisfied with the blockchain protocol and launched their mainnet soon.

 

Differences in the consensus mechanism

The Tron Blockchain looks forward to a futuristic web interface by the incorporation of the blockchain technology, whereas EOS on the other hand, looks forward to trading any asset with some inherent value in an easy and efficient manner. The Ethereum Blockchain strives for the democratization of the Smart Contract and Decentralised applications. However, technically the consensus algorithm of the EOS blockchain platform revolves around 21 dedicated delegates which take part in the confirmation of blocks and when it comes to Ethereum, it is far more decentralized than EOS. Lastly, one of the largest so-called, operating system or the Tron blockchain platform, incorporates a mechanism where 21 supernodes manage the entire ecosystem, who are indirectly elected by the TRX token holders.

 

Programming languages required for the development of smart contracts

When it comes to the developmental perspectives, the EOS blockchain platform requires C++, as a programming language in order to enable the developers to develop smart contracts on this particular blockchain platform. On similar lines, when we consider Ethereum, the blockchain platform requires usage of a relative newer programming language, called Solidity. The Tron blockchain platform is predominantly developed using the Java programming language.

 

Below are some of the code snippets from the GitHub repository of the respective blockchain platforms.  

 

1. Ethereum

func CompileSolidityString(solc, source string) (map[string]*Contract, error) {
if len(source) == 0 {
return nil, errors.New(“solc: empty source string”)
}
s, err := SolidityVersion(solc)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
args := append(s.makeArgs(), “–“)
cmd := exec.Command(s.Path, append(args, “-“)…)
cmd.Stdin = strings.NewReader(source)
return s.run(cmd, source)
}


2. EOS

int main( int argc, char** argv ) {
  setlocale(LC_ALL, “”);
  bindtextdomain(locale_domain, locale_path);
  textdomain(locale_domain);
  context = eosio::client::http::create_http_context();
  wallet_url = default_wallet_url;

 

3. TRON

public SolidityNode(Manager dbManager, Args cfgArgs) {
   this.dbManager = dbManager;
   this.cfgArgs = cfgArgs;
   lastSolidityBlockNum = dbManager.getDynamicPropertiesStore().getLatestSolidifiedBlockNum();
   ID.set(lastSolidityBlockNum);
   databaseGrpcClient = new DatabaseGrpcClient(cfgArgs.getTrustNodeAddr());
   remoteLastSolidityBlockNum = getLastSolidityBlockNum();
 }

 

The pros and cons of utilizing C++ over the other programming languages

The programming languages of the respective blockchain projects can be recognized from the above snippets. when comes to the development and perspective Solidity is an easier programming language when compared to C++ or Java. It must be understood by the developers that C++ enables the developers with a lot more low (hardware) level privileges which may not be possible in case of Solidity. It effectively monitors or gives access for garbage collector which is not the case for Solidity. Effective memory management is one of the key characteristics that a developer must keep in mind, prior to developing smart contracts in any of the above-mentioned blockchain platforms.

 

Disclaimer

According to cryptocurrency experts, it has also been estimated that the technologies and programming language paradigms applied currently, might become obsolete within 6 months or even a year, as the blockchain advancements are undertaking at very rapid paces. Therefore, the developers must always be ready to update themselves with respect to smart contract development.

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